Pigmentation, Sun Spots & Brown Blush
Pigmentation is a skin condition which can be seen mainly as brown discoloration and can be found anywhere on the body, but generally on areas such as the face, neck, décolletage or hands. There are many types of pigmentation including ephelides (freckles), solar lentigines (age spots/sun spots) melasma(pregnancy mask), post inflammatory pigmentation (post acne/trauma) and café au lait.
The Causes Of Pigmentation
The causes of pigmentation can be from trauma to the skin, medication, hormonal & vitamin deficiencies and over exposure to U.V. light i.e. the sun. It should be noted that the sun ALWAYS plays a role in pigmentation. For example where medication (i.e. the pill etc.) causes pigmentation, it is the exposure to sun that brings the pigmentation out on the surface of the skin. In winter months medication induced pigmentation can fade back but become surface again once the skin has been re exposed to U.V light. This is why a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) is so important to use all year round and especially if a person is taking photosensitive medication (medication which reacts to sunlight causing pigmentation). Freckles and sun spots/age spots are ALWAYS caused by over exposure to sunlight.
Treatment Of Pigmentation
Pigmentation is treated depending on how it has been caused. If pigmentation is caused just from over exposure of sun to the skin, then laser, IPL or topical skin products can help to fade it whilst using a high factor SPF will prevent it from returning. If pigmentation is as a result of medication, this can be very difficult to treat and will probably persist as long as the medication is in use.
Pigmentation caused by trauma to the skin i.e. deep cuts, post acne scars etc can also be very difficult to treat as it is much deeper in the skin. Laser, IPL or skin peeling can help to reduce the effect of the pigmentation. Skin needling (medical micro needling) can be effective for post acne scars.
Pregnancy can cause pigmentation which will be visible through the term of the pregnancy and usually fades back afterwards. In this case it is not really worth treating as it does not respond very well to laser or IPL and will usually disappear itself after the pregnancy term when the hormones have settled.
*Redeemable against treatments, pigmentation usually requires several treatments and a consultation is necessary to determine a treatment plan.